Passover Tradition

The Passover tradition differs a little from before and after the Exodus and after the Canaanite settlement. However, it changes greatly in the New Testament. The Passover tradition, which the Jews maintained for the first time before carrying out the #Exodus from Egypt, is as follows. 1)

The First Passover. Bible Pictures and What They Teach Us, Charles Foster, 1897.

In the first month on the 10th day of the Jewish calendar, they prepare a #lamb according to the size of the family, but a family that only has few members and cannot eat a whole lamb must calculate and prepare a lamb to eat with their neighbors.

  • A one-year-old male lamb without defect, if there is no lamb, replace with a goat.
  • On the evening of the 14th day of the first month, slaughter the lamb.
  • Contain the blood of the sacrifice in a bowl. Soak the hyssop 2) bundle in the blood and applied to the top and sides of the doorframe. 3)
  • Nobody is to eat the sacrificed meat boiled or raw, but only roasted in the fire, head, legs, and inner parts and then eaten.
  • Since the meat must not be eaten with leavened bread 4) bitter herbs and unleavened bread 5) were eaten together.
  • When you eat it, put a belt on, put shoes on, have a staff in your hand and eat it quickly.
  • Eat the meat only in your house, do not let even a little leave the house. And do not break any of the bones.
  • The meat must not be left until the morning, and everything that remains is to be burned.
  • For seven days from the Passover evening do not let yeast be seen around you.
  • Men must be circumcised 6) and only afterward they could keep the Passover.
  • Gentiles could not eat it. However, slaves and foreigners who wanted to keep the Passover had to receive circumcision. Afterwards, they could keep the Passover.

After the Exodus, the Passover tradition remains mostly unchanged even in the desert. However, if anyone was unable to keep the Passover because they were unclean on account of a dead body, another regulation date was added, and the only thing that changed was they had to keep it at a place that God appointed and not at their homes. 7)

  • Anyone who is unclean from touching a dead body or away on a long journey and unable to keep the Passover on the evening of the 14th day of the first month will keep it one month later on the evening of the 14th day of the second month.
  • At a place appointed by God, offer the Passover sacrifice of slaughtered lamb or calf.
  • Remembering the day when you left Egypt quickly, eat the Passover meat at God's appointed place, and the next morning return to the tent.
  • After the completion of the temple in Jerusalem, all the ordinances of worship took place in the Jerusalem temple. After settling in Canaan, the records of keeping the Passover are found in the divided kingdom era,  during the reign of Hezekiah, the thirteenth King of Judah, in the history of Josiah, the sixteenth king, after the return from Babylonian captivity, and after the reconstruction of the destroyed temple.8) If we study the unique characteristics of that time it is as follows.
High Priest Hilkiah reads the Book of Law to King Josiah. King Josiah kept the Passover as it is recorded in the Book of the Law.

* After the Passover, the people removed all Gentile altars and incense altars in Jerusalem.

  • The priests and the Levites cleaned their bodies with one accord, and then took the burnt offerings to the temple.
  • If someone was unclean and could not keep the Passover, a Levite slaughtered the Passover lamb in his place.
  • Adhering to their given positions, the Levites slaughtered the Passover lamb and skinned it. Then the priest took the blood that the Levites handed to him and sprinkled it on the altar.
  • The Levites roasted the Passover lamb on the fire. And boiled the rest of the sacrifice in a pot, and distributed it to families.
  • Then the Levites prepared meat for themselves, the priests, the choir and the temple gatekeepers. And with everyone keeping their respective positions, they brought the meat to the choir and the gatekeepers.

The Passover tradition passed down since the Old Testament times changed dramatically in the New Testament times. According to the records of the Gospels 9) on the evening of the 14th day, first month of the Jewish calendar, at #the Passover last supper Jesus shared the Passover with His disciples. He showed them a new of keeping the Passover. A totally different way apart from the law of Moses. 10)

Dirck van Baburen - Christ Washing the Apostles Feet
  • Jesus washed His disciples' feet with the water in the basin.
  • He held up the bread, gave a prayer of thanks and gave it to His disciples to eat.
  • He lifted up the cup of wine, gave a prayer of thanks and gave it to His disciples to drink.
The Last Supper, Leonardo Da Vinci. Jesus Christ kept the Passover with the twelve disciples. He showed a way to keep the Passover in a different way from the old testament.

At the Passover Supper, Jesus left words with a profound meaning. He said that the bread we eat at the Passover is His body. He also said the wine, His blood, through which the blood of His promise is shed, is for the forgiveness of many people’s sins. For this reason, the #Passover supper is sometimes referred to as the ‘sacrament’, meaning ‘holy food’. The Apostle Paul emphasized the Passover, especially to the Church in the Corinthian region, where idolatry was severe. He emphasized to keep the Passover tradition received from Jesus pure and to convey it until Christ comes. 11)


2)
Hyssop is a plant with a minty fragrance. Useful because of the many fine hairs on it. Also good for dipping in water or blood and carrying out the cleansing ceremony.
3)
The Passover lamb’s blood is a sign that God's people live in that house, and the plague of death will pass over it.
4)
Leavened bread is bread made with yeast. It was presented as an offering at the Peace Offering and Feast of Weeks.
5)
Unleavened Bread is bread made without yeast and refers to baked bread or crackers. It is also known as the ‘Bread of Affliction’.
6)
Circumcision is a ceremony that is mandatory in order to keep the Passover. A strict regulation and for those wanting to keep the Passover, circumcision was unconditional. Slaves and foreigners were no exception. The circumcision here only applies to males. It is not related to the controversial female circumcision in these days.
9)
The Gospels refer to the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John in the New Testament. Also known as the ‘Four gospels’. Matthew, Mark, and Luke are recorded from the same point of view, so they are also called the ‘Synoptic Gospels’.
11)
1 Corinthians 5:7-8, 11:23-26 “For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed. 8 Therefore let us keep the Festival”