Passover Date

Jewish calendar, showing Adar II between 1927 and 1948

The Passover date is the evening of the 14th day of the first month of the Jewish calendar.1) According to the records in Exodus 12, God appointed the first month of the year, the month in which He planned to release the Israelites in slavery in Egypt, as the Passover date, the 14th day of the first month2) and He also set the time to the evening.3) Through the widely used Gregorian calendar(Solar calendar) in the world today, the Passover is sometime in March or April.

Among the Biblical annual feasts, it is only the Passover feast that occurs two times. If a person is unable to keep the Passover on the evening of the 14th day of the first month due to long distance travel, then they are able to keep it on the 14th day of the second month according to the regulations.4)

The new calendar is the basis for the lunisolar calendar, where God established and proclaimed the Passover.  The ‘month’ in Exodus 12, “This month is to be…the first month of your year.” was the month of Abib. 5) 'Abib (אָבִיב, Abib)' in Hebrew means, 'Young ears’, 'new',6) and also used as a term to refer to the ‘first month’.

After the Babylonian captivity, the name of the month changed to the Babylonian name and the month of Abib changed to Nisan (נִיסָ֗ן, Nisan). In Moses’ Pentateuch, the first month is Abib. However, in Nehemiah and Esther, written after the Babylonian captivity, it is Nisan.

‘Nisan’ means 'moving', or 'departing' and originates from the Akkadian language. Even today, the Jews call the first month of the Hebrew calendar, the month of Nisan.

One can surmise the Passover date from the meaning of 'Abib', 'Nisan', the month which Passover is celebrated, similarly, even by season, the Passover is a feast kept in the spring. The Torah 7) states the Passover is the first feast among the annual feasts.

The Last Supper - Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci

When you study the New Testament, you can find the Passover is closely related to the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The correspondents of the Synoptic Gospels, explain in detail the events of #the last supper Jesus had with the disciples on the day before He was crucified on the cross. That day was actually the Passover. Matthew recorded that day as “the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread”. Mark recorded it as “the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the day to sacrifice #the Passover lamb”. And Luke recorded it as “the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed”.8)

According to the Torah, there are seven feasts of God in three times, which must be kept every year. The Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread, Day of Firstfruits, Feast of Weeks, Feast of Trumpets, Day of Atonement, and the Feast of Tabernacles.9) Among these feasts, #the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread are organized into one group, called the Feast of Unleavened Bread, and the Feast of Unleavened Bread is the representative feast of the first group of feasts.10)

Old Testament Passover and Feast of Unleavened Bread

In the Old Testament, God's people slaughtered a lamb on the Passover, the 14th day of the first month. The people ate unleavened bread (bread or crackers made without yeast) for seven days until the 21st day to keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread.11) This is also the reason the New Testament authors wrote Passover as “the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread” and “the day of Unleavened Bread on which the Passover lamb had to be sacrificed.” For reference, the feast after the Feast of Unleavened Bread is the Day of Firstfruits. Unlike the Feast of Unleavened Bread or the Passover, the Day of Firstfruits has no fixed date. The Torah states that the day after the Sabbath day after the Feast of Unleavened Bread is the Day of Firstfruits. 12) Furthermore, when you study Scripture prophecy, you will find the origin feast of Resurrection Day is #the Day of Firstfruits.13)


1)
Leviticus 23:5
2)
Exodus 12:1-6
3)
Exodus 12:6, Leviticus 23:5
4)
Numbers 9:6-14
5)
Exodus 13:4, 34:18, Deuteronomy 16:1
7)
Torah (תּוֹרָה, Torah) means 'Law' in Hebrew. It refers to the Pentateuch, but it also refers to the Bible.
8)
Matthew 26:17, Mark 14:12, Luke 22:7
9)
Leviticus 23:4-44
10)
Exodus 23:14-17, Deuteronomy 16:16, 2 Chronicles 8:13
11)
Exodus 12:18
12)
Leviticus 23: 6-11
13)
1 Corinthians 15:20, Luke 22:30, Acts 20:6-7