How to keep the Passover

Passover sacrifice

The most noticeable difference when comparing the way to keep the Passover in the Old Testament and the New Testament is the sacrifice. For example, in the Old Testament times, the Priests offered sacrifices with animals such as sheep, goats, and cattle.1)

Zurbarán Agnus Dei, Prado Museum, c. 1635-1640

However, in the New Testament, the way to keep the Passover changed, and Jesus taught us to eat and drink bread and wine symbolizing His flesh and blood.2)

Jesus became the sacrificial #Passover lamb

Thus, Jesus became the reality of the sacrifice3), and the Apostle Paul testified that Jesus became the sacrificial #Passover lamb.

1 Corinthians 5:7 For Christ, our Passover lamb has been sacrificed.

This was one of the ultimate reasons for Jesus’ incarnation4). Jesus’ mission also included tearing down the Old Testament law expressed as the old, first covenant, and establishing the new covenant. 5) In addition to that, Jesus, who changed all the sacrificial ordinances of the Mosaic Law into the worship form called His new law, perfect. 6)

Circumcision vs. Baptism

The next most notable difference is circumcision,7) and baptism. Baptism is a ceremony to bury sin in water and be born again with a new life. Baptism in Greek is Baptisma8) which means ‘immersion’9). In the Old Testament times, only after circumcision could a person participate in the Passover ceremony. In the New Testament times, baptism replaced circumcision. The Apostle Paul wrote in a letter to the church in Colosse:

Colossians 2:11-12 In him you were also circumcised, in the putting off of the sinful nature, not with a circumcision done by the hands of men but with the circumcision done by Christ, having been buried with him in baptism and raised with him through your faith in the power of God, who raised him from the dead.

Passover Date

Among the ways to keep the Passover, one thing that does not change is the date. In fact, the Passover date is the same in the Old and New Testament times. It is on the evening of the 14th day of the first month of the Jewish calendar. However, if someone was not able to keep the Passover on this day, they could keep it one month later on the evening of the 14th day of the second month.

The LORD’s Passover begins at twilight on the fourteenth day of the first month10)
They are to celebrate it on the fourteenth day of the second month at twilight…11)
On the first day 12) of the Feast of Unleavened Bread…and prepared the Passover. When evening came…13)
On the first day 14) of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, when it was customary to sacrifice the Passover lamb…When evening came…15)

The way to keep the Old Testament Passover is basically as follows.

  • Kept on the evening of the 14th day, the first month, Jewish calendar. 16)
  • The meat of the Passover sacrifice is roasted then eaten, and the blood is applied or sprinkled. 17)
  • Participation after circumcision. 18)
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci. This mural depicts Jesus and Disciples keeping the Passover of the New Testament.

1500 years later, this is a summary of the Passover method Jesus and the twelve disciples kept in the New Testament times.

  • Kept on the evening of the 14th day, the first month, Jewish calendar.
  • Eat and drink the bread and wine that symbolize Jesus’ flesh and blood, the reality of the Passover sacrifice.
  • Only those baptized can participate; after the feet washing ceremony, the holy communion is kept. 19)

At present, the organizations throughout the world that keep the Passover are the Jews, the #Samaritan community, and the #World Mission Society Church of God. Judaism Passover is a mixture of the Old Testament Bible and Jewish customs. The Samaritan community Passover is the Old Testament method of sacrificing the Passover lamb. In contrast, the World Mission Society Church of God keeps the Passover according to the tradition passed down from Jesus Christ and the Apostles testified in the New Testament.


4)
Incarnation is the coming of Christ’s Holy Spirit in the flesh
7)
Circumcision is an ordinance that is required in order to celebrate the Passover. A strict regulation for those who wanted to celebrate the Passover; in other words, they had to receive circumcision. There was no exception not even for slaves and foreigners. The circumcision here only applied to males and is not related to the controversial female circumcision today.
8)
βαπτισμα
9)
originally done by submerging the whole body in water
12) , 14)
14th day, first month